A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure to place a healthy kidney from a living or deceased donor into a person whose kidneys no longer function properly. When the kidneys lose the filtering ability, harmful levels of fluid and waste accumulate in the body, which can raise the blood pressure and result in kidney failure (end-stage kidney disease). End-stage renal disease occurs when the kidneys have lost about 90% of their ability to function normally.
Chronic Kidney Disease :
Chronic kidney disease, also called chronic kidney failure, involves a gradual loss of kidney function. The Kidneys filter wastes and excess fluids from your blood, which are then removed in your urine. Advanced chronic kidney disease can cause dangerous levels of fluid, electrolytes and wastes to build up in your body.
Acute Kidney Failure
Occurs when the kidneys suddenly become unable to filter waste products from the blood. When kidneys lose their filtering ability, dangerous levels of wastes may accumulate. Acute kidney failure — also called acute renal failure or acute kidney injury — develops rapidly, usually in less than a few days. Acute kidney failure is most common in people who are already hospitalized, particularly in critically ill people who need intensive care.
Diabetic nephropathy is a serious complication of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. It’s also called diabetic kidney disease. Diabetic nephropathy affects the kidneys’ ability to do their usual work of removing waste products and extra fluid from your body. Over many years, the condition slowly damages the kidneys’ delicate filtering system. Early treatment may prevent or slow the disease’s progress and reduce the chance of complications.
Kidney Infections (Pyelonephritis)
Inflammation of the kidney due to a bacterial infection. The inflammation of the kidney is due to a specific type of urinary tract infection (UTI). The UTI usually begins in the urethra or bladder and travels to the kidneys. Fever, frequent urination and pain in the back, side or groin are symptoms. Treatment includes antibiotics and often requires hospitalization.
Dialysis is a procedure to remove waste products and excess fluid from the blood when the kidneys stop working properly. It often involves diverting blood to a machine to be cleaned.
A small, hard deposit that forms in the kidneys and is often painful when passed. Kidney stones are hard deposits of minerals and acid salts that stick together in concentrated urine. They can be painful when passing through the urinary tract, but usually don’t cause permanent damage. The most common symptom is severe pain, usually in the side of the abdomen, that’s often associated with nausea. Treatment includes pain relievers and drinking lots of water to help pass the stone. Medical procedures may be required to remove or break up larger stones.
Urinary Tract Infection
An infection in any part of the urinary system, the kidneys, bladder or urethra. Urinary tract infections are more common in women. They usually occur in the bladder or urethra, but more serious infections involve the kidney. A bladder infection may cause pelvic pain, increased urge to urinate, pain with urination and blood in the urine. A kidney infection may cause back pain, nausea, vomiting and fever. Common treatment is with antibiotics.
A condition in which the force of the blood against the artery walls is too high. Usually, hypertension is defined as blood pressure above 140/90, and is considered severe if the pressure is above 180/120. High blood pressure often has no symptoms. Over time, if untreated, it can cause health conditions, such as heart disease and stroke. Eating a healthier diet with less salt, exercising regularly and taking medication can help lower blood pressure
An inherited disorder in which clusters of cysts develop in the kidneys. The cysts in polycystic kidney disease are non-cancerous sacs containing water-like fluid. They can grow very large. Many people with this condition have kidney failure by age 60.Symptoms include high blood pressure, back or side pain and a swollen abdomen. Treatments include medication to control blood pressure, pain relievers and cyst removal. A kidney transplant may also be required.