Healthy Eating For healthy Transplant:
In general , the strict diet limitation patients may face pre-transplant do not apply post-transplant. Following transplantation , patients should limit the amount of fat & cholesterol in their diet because anti-rejection medications and the liberalized diet can cause elevated cholesterol and fat levels. Patients also need to be careful of weight gain that may occur from anti-rejection medications ( prednisolone) which causes dramatic increase in appetite.
Healthful Food- Diet should include a variety of foods, such as :
- Fruits and other potassium containing foods
- Whole grain cereals and breads
- Low fat milk and dairy products or other
- Sources of calcium and phosphorous
- Lean meats , fish , and poultry or other sources of protein
Use of sodium ( salt) , sugar and fat- Use of salt may be restricted to help limit fluid retention and to control blood pressure and blood sugar. A low fat, low sugar diet will help control weight and blood sugar.
To help extend the life of a transplanted kidney , follow these guidelines :
1.Limit the sodium ( salty foods) to help limit fluid retention , saturated fat ( butter, ghee) and cholesterol intake to control blood pressure and weight. A low-fat , low sugar diet will help control weight and blood sugar. Monitor your weight on a daily basis and eat a well-balanced diet with selections from all food groups
- Avoid sugary snacks such as biscuits between meals. If you feel hungry , eat some fresh peeled fruit or clean vegetables
3.Do not eat cheese made from unpasteurized milk and avoid cheese with mould. Take 1000 mg to 1500 mg of calcium daily to keep your bones healthy
4.Additionally, regular exercise ( 30 minutes at least three times a week) will help control your weight
5.Try to drink about 3-4 liters ( 9-12 glasses) of fluid every day. This is good for your kidney and helps remove waste products from your body. Always drink boiled or bottled water.
Following dietary instructions will help you achieve the above guidelines :
- Use lona salt instead of normal salt ( Potassium needs to be monitored)
- Drink Lemon water ( no salt & no sugar ) , butter milk ( thin lassi without salt & sugar)
- In case of oil one can use peanut oil , sunflower oil , corn oil , mustard oil , til oil.
- It is advisable to use 4-5 tsp of cooking oil/day
- Eat whole dals like sabut chana Dal , sabut moong dal , sabut masoor dal , rajma , lobia , nutrinugget etc
- Use toned milk and prepare curd and paneer ( cheese) from the toned milk. Milk and milk products contain good amount of calcium which is necessary to strengthen the bones which may get weaker by long term steroid intake.
- Eat sprouts ( put the sabut dal in muslin cloth & sprinkle water and keep it overnight, have it as a sprout chat)
- Eat Chiwra , upma ( add vegetables)
- Low sodium foods that can be taken when blood pressure persists : chiwra , onion , bottle gourd , karela , brinjal , beans , ladyfinger , methi dana , anar , tomato , orange , amla , guava , papaya
- Do not sprinkle extra salt on food , salad etc
- Avoid papad , pickles , chips , salted biscuits etc.
- Avoid aerated drinks
- Avoid all types of sauces likes tomato , chutneys , vinegar
- Avoid ghee butter , coconut oil , dalda cream
- Eat only the white of the egg and remove the yolk
- Avoid commercially available cakes & pasteries
- Avoid fried foods like samosas, puri, paranthas etc. Avoid cream biscuits , gur , jams , jelly honey , sweets ( mithai) , chocolates. Avoid cream milk
- Avoid mango , chiku , bananas , grapes , dares